Intercollegiate Sports in America


Additional Reading

General History

Governance

Finance

Race, Class, and Gender

Sports and Society

Movie

 

Items in this list support the class Intercollegiate Sports in America. References to html and pdf documents without a url refer to the Intercollegiate Sports in America website. The reading list items on this website are in electronic reserve restricted to members of the Intercollegiate Sports class and require a password. Additions and corrections to this list (as well as indications of no longer active urls) go to lombardi@lsu.edu. List is updated periodically. Not all citations are currently active.

Last revised: 05/2008

 


    General History

  • Andre, J., and D.N. James.
    Rethinking College Athletics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

  • Baumer, William Henry.
    Sports as Taught and Played at West Point. Harrisburg, PA: The Military Service Publishing Co., 1939.

  • Berry, Elmer.
    The Philosophy of Athletics, Coaching and Character, with the Psychology of Athletic Coaching. New York: A. S. Barnes and Company, 1927.

  • Bok, Derek.
    Universities in the Marketplace: The Commercialization of Higher Education. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

  • Brenner, Morgan G..
    College Basketball's National Championship: The Complete Record of Every Tournament Ever Played. Vol. 13, Scarecrow Press, 1998.

  • Brenner, Morgan G..
    College Basketball's National Championships: The Complete Record of Every Tournament Ever Played. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1999..

  • Chu, Donald.
    The Character of American Higher Education and Intercollegiate Sport. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989.

  • Collins, Tracy J. R..
    Reflections on Teaching Sports Literature in the Academy. Pedagogy 3.2 (2003) 281-285.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pedagogy/v003/3.2collins.html

  • Daniels, Mary Ann.
    The Historical Transition of Women's Sports at the Ohio State University, 1885-1975 and Its Impact on the National Women's Intercollegiate Setting During that Period. 1977.

  • Danzig, Allison, and Peter Brandwein, ed..
    Sport's Golden Age: A Close-up of the Fabulous Twenties. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1969, c1948.

  • Davis, Parke Hill.
    Football, the American Intercollegiate Game. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1911.

  • Deschner, Ramy Brent.
    The Evolution of Sports and the Cultural Implications of Physical Education. St. Louis, MO: Fred Medart Manufacturing Co., 1946.

  • Fidler, Douglas K., et al..
    Frederick Jackson Turner, The Revisionists, and Sport Historiography. Journal of Sport History, (1975:1)42-50..
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1975/JSH0201/jsh0201d.pdf [12/99]

  • Gerdy, John R..
    Sports in School: The Future of an Institution. New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University, 2000.

  • Greenberg, Milton.
    Does the Public Like the Status Quo?. Chronicle of Higher Education, 05/30/03.
    hanford_greenberg_sportscritique_chron_053003.html

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    From Ritual to Record: The Nature of Modern Sports. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    Sports: The First Five Millennia. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2004.

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    Who's on First? or, Books on the History of American Sports. The Journal of American History, 66 (1979); 348-354.
    JSTOR

  • Hawes, James Anderson.
    Twenty Years among the Twenty Year Olds: A Story of Our Colleges of Today. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1929.

  • Hayes, Matt.
    Futbolero: The Academic Soccer Site. University of Kansas.
    http://www.people.ku.edu/~boroboy/futbolero/home.html

  • Howell, James.
    Division I-A Historical Scores. Published on-line.
    http://www.jhowell.net/cf/scores/ScoresIndex.htm

  • Johnsen, Julia Emily, comp..
    Interscholastic Athletics. New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, 1929.

  • Journal of Sport History.. Radford, VA: North American Society for Sport History, 1974-.

  • Kiracofe, Edgar Stuart.
    An Historical Study of Athletics and Physical Education in the Standard Four Year Colleges of Virginia. University, Va., 1932.

  • Lester, Robin.
    Michigan-Chicago 1905: The First Greatest Game of the Century. Journal of Sport History (1991:2) 267-273.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1991/JSH1802/jsh1802f.pdf [12/99]

  • Lipsyte, Robert.
    From Discordant Notes, Reformers Hear One Song. New York Times, November 29, 2003..
    lipsyte_nyt_athletic_reform_112903.html

  • Lombardi, John V., et al..
    The Sports Imperative in America's Research Universities in The Top American Research Universities. Gainesville: TheCenter, University of Florida, 2003.

  • Longman, Jere.
    An Athlete's Dangerous Experiment. New York Times, November 26, 2003.
    longman_nyt_steroids_112603.html

  • Mandell, Richard.
    Sport: A Cultural History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.

  • Mangold, William D. , Luann Bean, and Douglas Adams.
    The Impact of Intercollegiate Athletics on Graduation Rates Among Major NCAA Division I Universities Implications for College Persistence Theory and Practice. The Journal of Higher Education, (4:5 2003).
    mangold_athleticsGradrate_2003.pdf

  • Martin, Charles H..
    The Tail That Wags the Dog: Football and the American University (Review of: Robin Lester. Stagg's University: The Rise, Decline, and Fall of Big-Time Football at Chicago. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995). Reviews in American History 24.4 (1996) 629-634.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/reviews_in_american_history/v024/24.4martin.html

  • McCallum, John Dennis.
    College Basketball, U.S.A., Since 1892. New York: Stein and Day, 1978.

  • Mechikoff, Robert A..
    A History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education: From Ancient Civilizations to the Modern World. Boston: WCB/McGraw Hill, 1998.

  • Michener, James A..
    Sports in America. New York: Random House, 1976.

  • Mrozek, Donald J..
    Sport and American Mentality, 1880-1910. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983.

  • NACLA, Sport and Society in Latin America, Special Issue of NACLA, Report on the Americas,. 37:5 (2004).

  • Newsletter - North American Society for Sport History. University Park, PA: North American Society for Sport History, 1973-.

  • No More Springtimes for the XFL. New York Times.
    http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/11/sports/11XFLL.html

  • Noverr, Douglas A..
    The Games They Played: Sports in American History, 1865-1980. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1983.

  • Paxson, Frederic L..
    The Rise of Sport. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 4 (1917); 143-168.
    JSTOR

  • Pope, S.W., ed..
    The New American Sport History: Recent Approaches and Perspectives. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

  • Proceedings: Big Ten Symposium on the History of Physical Education and Sport (1971: Ohio State University). Chicago: Athletic Institute, 1972.

  • Rader, Benjamin G..
    American Sports: From the Age of Folk Games to the Age of Televised Sports. 3rd. ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996.

  • Remley, Mary L..
    Women in Sport: an Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide, 1900-1990. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991.

  • Riess, Steven A..
    City Games: The Evolution of American Urban Society and the Rise of Sports. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

  • Riess, Steven A..
    The New Sport History. Reviews in American History, 18 (1990); 311-325.
    JSTOR

  • Robertson, David Frank.
    The History and Development of Men's Intercollegiate Swimming in the United States from 1897 to 1970. 1977.

  • Roberts, Randy.
    Winning Is The Only Thing: Sports in America Since 1945. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1989.

  • Rogers, Frederick Rand.
    The Amateur Spirit in Scholastic Games and Sports. Albany, NY: C. F. Williams & Son, Inc., 1929.

  • Ryan, Will Carson.
    The literature of American School and College Athletics. New York: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1929.

  • Sack, Allen L. and Ellen J Staurowsky.
    College Athletes for Hire: The Evolution and Legacy of the NCAA's Amateur Myth. Greenwood Publishing Group (pending?).

  • Savage, Howard James.
    American College Athletics. New York:The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1929.

  • Savage, Howard James.
    Current Developments in American College Sport. New York: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1931.

  • Savage, Howard James.
    Games and Sports in British Schools and Universities. New York: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1927.

  • Smith, Ronald A..
    Sports and Freedom: The Rise of Big-time College Athletics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

  • Spears, Betty, and Richard A. Swanson.
    History of Sport and Physical Education in the United States. 3rd ed., Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown, 1988.

  • Sports History. Leesburg, VA: Empire Press, 1987-1990.

  • Sports Net (sponet.de). Leipzig: Department of Information and the Documentation of Sport at the Institute of Applied Training Science.
    http://www.sponet.de/

  • Thelin, John R..
    Games Colleges Play: Scandal and Reform in Intercollegiate Athletics. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University, 1994.

  • Turner, F.J..
    To the Alumni on Football, 1906 Address to the University of Wisconsin Alumni. The Chronicle of Higher Education, (July 9, 1986), 56.

  • Wallenfeldt, E.C..
    The Six-minute Fraternity: The Rise and Fall of NCAA Tournament Boxing, 1932-60. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994.

  • Watterson, John Sayle.
    College Football: History, Spectacle, Controversy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 2002.

  • Wiggins, David K., ed..
    Sport in America: From Wicked Amusement to National Obsession. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994.

  • XFL. Washington Post.
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/sports/leaguesandsports/xfl/

  • Zeigler, Earle F., ed..
    History of Physical Rducation and Sport , with chapters by Maxwell L. Howell et al.. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1979.

  • Zingale, Donald P..
    A History of the Involvement of the American Presidency in School and College Physical Education and Sports during the Twentieth Century (microform). 1973.

  • Zingg, Paul J., ed..
    The Sporting Image: Readings in American Sport History. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988.

  • Governance

  • 129 Years of Princeton Football [1869-1998].
    http://www.princeton.edu/football/history.htm

  • Adelman, Melvin L..
    Academicians and American Athletics: A Decade of Progress. Journal of Sport History, (1983:1) 80-106.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1983/JSH1001/jsh1001f.pdf [12/99]

  • Adler, Peter, and Patricia A. Adler.
    From Idealism to Pragmatic Detachment: The Academic Performance of College Athletes. Sociology of Education, 58 (1985); 241-250.
    JSTOR

  • Administration of Athletics in Colleges and Universities. A Joint Project of the National Association of College Directors of Athletics and Division of Men's Athletics, American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. Washington: Distributed by NEA Publications-Sales, 1971.

  • Andre, Judith and David N. James, eds..
    Rethinking College Athletics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

  • Aronson, Robert H..
    Letter to president Lee Huntsman, University of Washington, (March 16, 2004). The Seattle Times.
    uw_FAR_4_2_04.pdf

  • Bailey, Wilford S..
    Athletics and Academe: An Anatomy of Abuses and a Prescription for Reform. New York: American Council on Education, Macmillan, 1991.

  • Becker, Samuel L., William G. Sparks, Hyeon Cheol Choi, and Lizette Sell.
    Intercollegiate Athletic Committees: Dimensions of Influence. The Journal of Higher Education, 57 (1986); 431-441.
    JSTOR

  • Bender, Terry C..
    Major College Football Record of Scores, 1869-1982. Bryn Mawr, PA: Dorrance, 1983.

  • Betts, John Rickards.
    The Technological Revolution and the Rise of Sport, 1850-1900. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 40 (1953); 231-256.
    JSTOR

  • Biemiller, Lawrence.
    St. Bonaventure U. President Resigns as Tumult Over Basketball Program Continues. The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 10, 2003.
    biemiller_stbonny_chron_031003.html

  • Callahan, Tim.
    College Guide to Athletics and Academics in America. Callahan's College Guide to Athletics and Academics in America. 1st ed., New York: Harper & Row, 1984.

  • Campos, Paul, and Jonathan Chait.
    We Are (Always) the Champions: Why College Football's Dynasties Never Lose. Slate: Sports Nut. Friday, Aug. 24, 2001, at 9:30 a.m. PT.
    slate_footballchamp_2001.html

  • Carpenter, Linda J..
    Workers' Compensation and the Scholarship Athlete. Journal of Higher Education, 53 (1982).
    JSTOR

  • Covell, Dan and Carol A. Barr.
    The Ties that Bind: Presidential Involvement with the Development of NCAA Division I Eligibility Legislation. The Journal of Higher Education (72:4 (2001), 414-452.
    Covell_Barr_Initial_Eligibility_2001.pdf

  • Cowley, W. H..
    Athletics in American Colleges. The Journal of Higher Education, 1 (1930); 29-35.
    JSTOR

  • Cullen, Francis T., Edward J. Latessa, and Joseph P. Byrne.
    Scandal and Reform in Collegiate Athletics: Implications from a National Survey of Head Football Coaches. The Journal of Higher Education, 61 (1990); 50-64.
    Cullen1990.pdf

  • Doyle, Andrew.
    Fighting Whiskey and 'Fighting Whiskey and Immorality' at Auburn. The Politics of Southern Football, 1919-1927. Southern Cultures, 10.3 (2004) 6-30.
    ADoyle_Auburn_%20Football1919-1927_2004.pdf

  • Drape, Joe.
    B.C.S. Formula Works Just Fine. The New York Times (December 11, 2001).
    BCS_NYT2001.html

  • Drugs and the Coach. Rev. 1977 ed., Washington: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 1977.

  • Duderstadt, James J..
    Intercollegiate Athletics and the American University - A University President's Perspective. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 2000.

  • Duderstadt, James J.
    Intercollegiate Athletics and the American University: A University President's Perspective. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

  • Enforcement Program of the National Collegiate Athletic Association: Report Together with Minority Views. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1978.

  • Evans, J. Robert.
    Blowing the Whistle on Intercollegiate Sports. Chicago: Nelson-Hall Co., 1974.

  • Feinstein, John.
    A Season Inside: One Year in College Basketball. New York: Villard Books, 1988.

  • Figone, Albert J..
    Gambling and College Basketball: The Scandal of 1951. Journal of Sport History, (1989:1) 44-61 [12/99].
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1989/JSH1601/jsh1601d.pdf [12/99]

  • Fleisher, Arthur A..
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association: A Study in Cartel Behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992..

  • Florida, Postsecondary Education Planning Commission.
    Due Process in Intercollegiate Athletic Association Policies and Procedures. Tallahassee: The Commission, 1991.

  • Forbes, Verge.
    The Decision-Making Environment in Intercollegiate Athletics. 1979.

  • Funk, Gary D..
    Major Violation: The Unbalanced Priorities in Athletics and Academics. Champaign, IL: Leisure Press, 1991.

  • Gardner, Frank N..
    The Place of Intercollegiate Athletics in Higher Education: Hold that Tiger!. The Journal of Higher Education, 31 (1960); 364-368.
    JSTOR

  • Gerdy, John R..
    The Successful College Athletic Program. The New Standard. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1997.

  • Greunke, Lowell R..
    Football Rankings: College Teams in the Associated Press Poll, 1936-1984. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1984.

  • Griffith, John L..
    The Carnegie Reports. The Journal of Higher Education, 1 (1930); 325-330.
    JSTOR

  • Guide to Institutional Self-study to Enhance Integrity in Intercollegiate Athletics. Misson, KS: National Collegiate Athletic Association, 1985 - 1989.

  • Harvard Football--A Timeline of Tradition.
    http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~athletic/sports/ftb/ftb_history.html

  • Harvard University: NCAA Self-Study, Certification 1996-98.
    http://www.harvard.edu/ncaa_self_study/report/

  • History of Indiana Football.
    http://www.indiana.edu/~athlweb/graphic/sports/football/fbhist.html

  • Honan, William H..
    Do Big-Money Sports Belong in College?. Education Life, New York Times, January 7, 2001.
    http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/07/education/07EDLIFE-JOCK.html

  • Horger, Marc.
    Basketball and Athletic Control at Oberlin College, 1896-1915. Journal of Sport History, (1996:3) 256-283.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1996/JSH2303/jsh2303d.pdf [12/99]

  • Hutchinson, Bruce.
    Locus of Control and Participation in Inter-Collegiate Athletics (microform). 1972.

  • Intercollegiate Athletics at Rice University. 2004.
    RiceU_report_05_2004.pdf

  • International Student-Athlete Issues. Sports Law Letter and by the Book Compliance Alert, April 11, 2001.
    IntStudAthle_Sports_Law_Lett042701.html

  • James, Kenneth E..
    College Sports and NCAA Enforcement Procedures: Does the NCAA Play Fairly? National Collegiate Athletic Association v. Miller. California Western Law Review, 29 (Spring 1993).

  • Kirby, James.
    Fumble: Bear Bryant, Wally Butts, and the Great College Football Scandal. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986.

  • Knight Fondation Reports, Keeping Faith with the Student Athlete: A New Model for Intercollegiate Athletics, 1991; A Solid Start: A Report on Reform in Intercollegiate Athletics, 1992; A New Beginnning for a New Century: Intercollegiate Athletics in the United States, 1993; A Call to Action: Reconnecting College Sports and Higher Education, June 2001. Miami: John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, 1991-2001.
    http://www.knightfdn.org/

  • Lambert, Craig.
    The Professionalization of Ivy League Sports. Harvard Magazine, September-October 1997.
    http://www.harvard-magazine.com/issues/so97/ivy.html and http://www.harvard-magazine.com/issues/so97/ivy.2.html and http://www.harvard-magazine.com/issues/so97/ivy.teamglobal.html and http://www.harvard-magazine.com/issues/so97/ivy.athleteauction.html

  • Lapchick, Richard Edward.
    On the Mark: Putting the Student Back in Student-athlete. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1987.

  • Lapchick, Richard Edward.
    Pass to Play: Student Athletes and Academics. Washington, DC: National Education Association, 1989.

  • Lawrence, Paul R..
    Unsportsmanlike Conduct: The National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Business of College Football. New York: Praeger, 1987.

  • Lawson, Hal A., and Alan G. Ingham.
    Conflicting Ideologies Concerning the University and Intercollegiate Athletics: Harper and Hutchins at Chicago, 1892-1940. Journal of Sport History, (1980:3), 37-67.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1980/JSH0703/jsh0703d.pdf [12/99]

  • Leslie, Bruce.
    The Response of Four Colleges to the Rise of Intercollegiate Athletics, 1865-1915. Journal of Sport History, 3 (1967); 213-222.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1976/JSH0303/jsh0303c.pdf [12/99]

  • Lester, Robin.
    Stagg's University: the Rise, Decline, and Fall of Big-time Football at Chicago. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

  • Lombardi, John V..
    A Model for Intercollegiate Athletics (original of following versions) [Sports Medicine, The Journal of the Association of Governing Boards of Universities & Colleges, Vol.34, No. 1, January/February 1992] and [Control, Accountability Are Gator Achievements]. The NCAA News, 28:32 (September 16, 1991).
    ModelJVL.pdf

  • Lords, Erik.
    U. of Minnesota Levels Academic-Misconduct Charges Against 17 Former Athletes. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 6, 2000.
    UMinnChron2000.html

  • Mallette, Bruce I., and Richard D. Howard, editors..
    Monitoring and Assessing Intercollegiate Athletics. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1992..

  • Maloney, Michael T. and Robert E. McCormick.
    An Examination of the Role That Intercollegiate Athletic Participation Plays in Academic Achievement: Athletes' Feats in the Classroom. The Journal of Human Resources, 28 (Summer 1993); 555-70.

  • Marco, S. M..
    The Place of Intercollegiate Athletics in Higher Education: The Responsibility of the Faculty. The Journal of Higher Education, 31 (1960); 422-427.
    JSTOR

  • McIntosh, Peter C..
    Fair Play: Ethics in Sport and Education. London: Heinemann, 1980.

  • McQuilkin, Scott A., and Ronald A. Smith.
    The Rise and Fall of the Flying Wedge: Football's Most Controversial Play. Journal of Sport History, (1993); 57-64.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1993/JSH2001/jsh2001f.pdf [12/99]

  • Monitoring and Assessing Intercollegiate Athletics. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1992.

  • National Collegiate Athletic Association--Enforcemen Program: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, first session, July 12, 1979. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1979.

  • NCAA Enforcement Program: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, second session. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1978.

  • NCAA, 1994 NCAA Divisions II and III Enrollment and Persistence Rates Report. Overland Park, KS: NCAA, October 1994.

  • NCAA, 2005-06 NCAA Division I Manual.. Indianapolis, IN: NCAA,2005.
    http://www.ncaa.org/library/membership/division_i_manual/2005-06/2005-06_d1_manual.pdf

  • NCAA, NCAA Division I Manual. Overland Park, KS: NCAA, 1997-.

  • NCAA, NCAA, The Voice of College Sports: A Diamond Anniversary History, 1906-1981. 1st ed., Mission, KS: National Collegiate Athletic Association, 1981.

  • NCAA, The History of the NCAA: The NCAA Century Series.
    http://www.ncaa.org/about/ncaacenturyseries.html

  • Needham, Henry Beach.
    The College Athlete: How Commercialism is Making Him a Professional. McClure's Magazine, (1905:2-3) 115-128, 260-273 [Amateur Athletic Foundation, Los Angeles].

  • Noll, Roger G..
    How the N.C.A.A. Hurts College Athletes. The Milken Institute Review.
    http://www.milken-inst.org/

  • Oberteuffer, D..
    The Athlete and His College. The Journal of Higher Education, 7 (1936); 437-442.
    JSTOR

  • Oliva, L. Jay.
    What Trustees Should Know About Intercollegiate Athletics. Washington, DC: Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 1989.

  • Oversight on College Athletic Programs: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education, Arts, and Humanities of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session, on consideration of the quality of education obtained by student athletes in large-scale collegiate athletic programs, June 26, 1984. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1984.

  • Owings, Jeffrey A., Bob Burton, and Bruce Daniel Pinkerton.
    Who Reports Participation in Varsity Intercollegiate Sports at 4-year Colleges?. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, 1996..

  • Park, Roberta J..
    From Football to Rugby--and Back, 1906-1919: The University of California-Stanford University Response to the 'Football Crisis of 1905'. Journal of Sport History, (1984:3)5-40.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1984/JSH1103/jsh1103b.pdf [12/99]

  • Patton, C.H., and W.T. Field.
    Eight O'Clock Chapel: A Study of New England College Life in the 80s. 1927.

  • Pauly, Thomas H..
    A Man for Two Seasons. Harvard Magazine, (1991), 67-72.

  • Pennington, Bill.
    Play to Win, or Just to Play? N.C.A.A.'s Lowest Rung Split. The New York Times, May 25, 2003.
    pennington_ncaadiviii_nyt_052503.html

  • Plant, Marcus L..
    The Place of Intercollegiate Athletics in Higher Education: Faculty Control. The Journal of Higher Education, 32 (1961); 1-8.
    JSTOR

  • Powell, Robert Andrew.
    Florida A&M Tries to Recover From Failed Bid. New York Times, October 9, 2004.
    FAMU_IA_100905NYT.html

  • Princeton: Football Pioneer.
    http://www.princeton.edu/football/pioneer.htm

  • Reece, Milton Ernest.
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Courts: A Summary of Litigation Involving the Constitutional Laws of the United States and the Rules of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, 1970-1974. 1975.

  • Reid, Bill.
    Big-Time Football at Harvard, 1905: The Diary of Coach Bill Reid, ed. Ronald A. Smith. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1994.

  • Renick, Jobyann.
    The Use and Misuse of College Athletics. The Journal of Higher Education, 45 (1974); 545-552.
    JSTOR

  • Rooney, John F..
    The Recruiting Game: Toward a New System of Intercollegiate Sports. 2nd ed., rev., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987..

  • Rosen, Charles.
    Scandals of '51: How the Gamblers Almost Killed College Basketball. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.

  • Sack, Allen L..
    Big-Time Athletics vs. Academic Values: It's a Rout. The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 26, 2001.
    sack_academic_chron012601.html

  • Savage, C. W..
    The Ohio Report on Athletics. Journal of Higher Education, 1 (June 1930); 330-333.
    Savage1930.pdf

  • Schlabach, Mark.
    Varsity Athletes Get Class Credit: Some Colleges Give Grades for Playing. Washington Post, (August 26, 2004).
    Class_credit_washpost_82604.html

  • Sears, Hal D..
    The Moral Threat of Intercollegiate Sports: An 1893 Poll of Ten College Presidents, and the End of 'The Champion Football Team of the Great West'. Journal of Sport History, (1992:3) 211-226.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1992/JSH1903/jsh1903b.pdf [12/99]

  • Shapiro, Beth J..
    John Hannah and the Growth of Big-Time Intercollegiate Athletics at Michigan State University. Journal of Sport History, (1983:3) 26-40.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1983/JSH1003/jsh1003c.pdf [12/99]

  • Shulman, James L., and William G. Bowen.
    How the Playing Field Is Encroaching on the Admissions Office. The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 26, 2001.
    shulman_admission_chron012601.html

  • Smith, C. Fraser.
    Lenny, Lefty, and the Chancellor: The Len Bias Tragedy and the Search for Reform in Big-time College Basketball. Baltimore: Bancroft Press, 1992.
    JVL

  • Sperber, Murray.
    College Sports Inc.: The Athletic Department vs (sic) the University. New York: H. Holt, 1990.

  • Sperber, Murray.
    Onward to Victory. The Crises that Shaped College Sports. New York: Henry Holt, 1998..

  • Sport and Higher Education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1985.

  • Sports Law and Legislation: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

  • Stalnaker, John M..
    Athletics. Journal of Higher Education, 4 (1933);187-190.
    Stalnaker1933.pdf

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Mellon Fund Tackles College Sports: New project focuses on academic requirements for athletes and the role of coaches. The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 3, 2004..
    suggs_divIII_090304.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Rice U. Considers Major Changes in Athletics as Report Identifies Host of Problems. The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 6, 2004.
    suggs_rice_.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Turning Pro: It's Not Just for Basketball Players Anymore: Olympic athletes in sports like track and swimming are leaving college early, often for big bucks. The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 13, 2004.
    suggs_college_money_olympic_811304.html

  • Sumner, Jim L..
    John Franklin Crowell, Methodism, and the Football Controversy at Trinity College, 1887-1894. Journal of Sport History, (1990:1) 5-20.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1990/JSH1701/jsh1701b.pdf [12/99]

  • Synnott, Marcia G..
    The 'Big Three' and the Harvard-Princeton Football Break, 1926-1934. Journal of Sport History, (1976:2)188-202.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1976/JSH0302/jsh0302i.pdf [12/99]

  • Team Transcripts. Harvard Magazine, November-December 1996.
    http://www.harvard-magazine.com/issues/so97/ivy.html

  • Telander, Rick.
    The Hundred Yard Lie: The Corruption of College Football and What We Can Do to Stop It. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.

  • The Collegiate Student-Athlete Protection Act of 1983: Hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, first session on S. 610 ... March 17 and May 23, 1983. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1983..

  • The Role of Faculty in the Governance of College Athletics: A Report of the Special Committee on Athletics. Academe, 76 (January-February 1990), 43-47.

  • The Rule Changes of Collegiate Football: 1893 thru 1912.
    FootballRuleChanges.html

  • Thelin, John R., and Lawrence L. Wiseman.
    The Old College Try: Balancing Academics and Athletics in Higher Education. Washington, DC: School of Education and Human Development, George Washington University, 1989.

  • Thelin, John R.
    The Cultivation of Ivy: A Saga of the College in America. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman Publishing Company, 1976.

  • Trani, Eugene P..
    The Distorted Landscape of Intercollegiate Sports. The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 17, 1995.

  • University of Florida: NCAA Self Study, Certification 1998.
    http://www.uaa.ufl.edu/UAA/UF-Certification.pdf

  • Wade, Steven C..
    Sports Law for Educational Institutions. New York: Quorum Books, 1988.

  • Waicukauski, Ronald J., ed..
    Law and Amateur Sports. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

  • Watterson, John S., III.
    The Football Crisis of 1909-1910: The Response of the Eastern 'Big Three'. Journal of Sport History, (1981:3) 5-19.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1981/JSH0803/jsh0803b.pdf [12/99]

  • Watterson, John S., III.
    The Death of Archer Christian: College Presidents and the Reform of College Football. Journal of Sport History, (1995:2)149-167.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1995/JSH2202/jsh2202e.pdf

  • Watts, Tim J..
    The Regulation of College Sports: A Bibliography. Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1991.

  • Westby, David L. and Allen Sack.
    The Commercialization and Functional Rationalization of College Football: Its Origins. The Journal of Higher Education, 47 (1976); 625-647.
    JSTOR

  • Williams, Jesse Feiring.
    The Crucial Issue in American College Athletics. The Journal of Higher Education, 20 (1949); 12-17.
    JSTOR

  • Wong, Glenn M..
    Essentials of Sports Law. 3rd. Ed., Westport, CN: Praeger, 2002.

  • Wyatt, Joe B..
    Our Moral Duty to Clean Up College Athletics. The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 13, 1999.

  • Yaeger, Don.
    Undue Process: The NCAA's Injustice for All. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Pub., 1991.

  • Yost, Eddie.
    What Athletics Mean to Me. Journal of Educational Sociology, 28 (1955); 275-277.
    Yost1955.pdf

  • Zimbalist, Andrew S..
    Unpaid Professionals: Commercialism and Conflict in Big-time College Sports. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

  • Zingg, Paul J..
    Fenway: The 1915 World Series and the Collegiate Connection to the Major Leagues. Journal of Sport History, (1990:1) 21-43.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1990/JSH1701/jsh1701c.pdf [12/99]

  • Finance

  • Alexander, Lamar.
    Revenues and Expenditures in Intercollegiate Athletics: The Feasibility of Collecting National Data by Sport. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, 1992.

  • Antitrust Implications of the College Bowl Alliance: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Antitrust, Business Rights, and Competition of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session ... May 22, 1997. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1997.
    LEGAL INFO CTR Y 4.J 89/2:S.HRG.105-126 Documents

  • Attwell, R.H., B. Grimes, and L. Lopiano.
    The Money Game: Financing Collegiate Athletics. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 1990.

  • Baade, Robert A., and Jeffrey O. Sundberg.
    Fourth Down and Gold to Go? Assessing the Link Between Athletics and Alumni Giving. Social Science Quarterly, 77 (1996); 789-803.

  • Bennett, Randall W and John L. Fizel.
    Telecast Deregulation and Competitive Balance: Regarding NCAA Division I Football. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 54 (1995); 183-99.

  • Blumenstyk, Goldie.
    U. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Nike Agree on $28-Million Deal With Anti-Sweatshop Clause. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 17, 2001.
    NikeUNCChron101701.html

  • Brown, R. W.
    Incentives and Revenue Sharing in College Football: Spreading the Wealth or Giving Away the Game?. Managerial and Decision Economics, 15 (September 1994).

  • Bryant-Denny Stadium, Tuscaloosa.
    http://www.al.com/sports/alabama/feed.ssf?/sports/alabama/football/bryantdenny.html

  • Caudill, Steven B. and Franklin G. Mixon.
    Winning and Ticket Allotments in College Football. The Social Science Journal, 33 (1996); 451-7.

  • College Gridirons: All Division 1-A College Football Stadiums. Web site.
    http://www.collegegridirons.com/

  • College Sports. Financial World, 164:4 (1995).

  • Conlin, David W..
    Intercollegiate Football, Winning and Finance (microform). 1986.

  • Crawford, Clarence C..
    Intercollegiate Athletics: Revenues and Expenses, Gender and Minority Profiles, and Compensation in Athletic Departments: statement of Clarence C. Crawford, Associate Director, Education and Employment Issues, Human Resources Division, (before the) Subcommittee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Competitiveness, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives. (microform). Washington: The Office ; Gaithersburg, MD, 1992.

  • El-Hodiri, Mohamed, and James Quirk.
    An Economic Model of a Professional Sports League. The Journal of Political Economy, 79 (1971); 1302-1319.
    JSTOR

  • Ferguson, D. G., Kenneth G. Stewart, J. C. H. Jones, and Andre Le Dressay.
    The Pricing of Sports Events: Do Teams Maximize Profit?. Journal of Industrial Economics, 39 (1991); 297-310..
    JSTOR

  • Fizel, John and Rodney Fort, eds..
    Economics of College Sports Praeger Publishers (March 30, 2004). Praeger, 2004.

  • Florida Field.
    http://www.uaa.ufl.edu/facilities/footballfacilities.htm

  • Fulks, Daniel L..
    Revenues and Expenses, Profits and Losses of Division I-A Intercollegiate Athletics Programs Aggregated by Conference--2003 Fiscal Year. Indianapolis: NCAA, 2004?.
    http://www.ncaa.org/library/research/i_ii_rev_exp/2003/2003D1aConfReport.pdf

  • Fulks, Daniel L..
    Revenues and Expenses of Division III Intercollegiate Athletics Programs: Financial Trends and Relationships--2001. Indianapolis: NCAA, 2002?.
    http://www.ncaa.org/library/research/iii_rev_exp/2002/d3_revenue_expenses.pdf

  • Fulks, Daniel L..
    Revenues and Expenses of Division I and II Intercollegiate Athletics Programs: Financial Trends and Relationships--2001. Indianapolis: NCAA, 2002?.
    http://www.ncaa.org/library/research/i_ii_rev_exp/2002/d1_d2_revenues_expenses.pdf

  • Fulks, Daniel L..
    Revenues and Expenses of Divisions I and II Intercollegiate Athletics Programs: Financial Trends and Relationships - 1999. Indianapolis: NCAA, 2000.
    http://www.ncaa.org/library/research/i_ii_rev_exp/index.html

  • Grimes, Paul W., and George A. Chressanthis.
    Alumni Contributions to Academics: The Role of Intercollegiate Sports And NCAA Sanctions. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 53 (1994); 27-40.

  • Hammersmith., Veronica A..
    The Development of a Survey instrument to Profile Donors to Athletics (microform). 1985.

  • Hardy, Stephen.
    Entrepreneurs, Organizations, and the Sport Marketplace: Subjects in Search of Historians. Journal of Sport History, (1986:1) 14-33 [12/99].
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1986/JSH1301/jsh1301c.pdf

  • Hart-Nibbrig, N., and C. Cottingham.
    The Political Economy of College Sports. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1986..

  • Important Dates in University of Michigan Home Field History.
    http://www.mgoblue.com/football/history/stadium/imp-dates.html

  • Irwin, Joseph P. and Michael J Irwin.
    Cathedrals of College Football. Alliance Press, 1999.

  • Jacobson, Jennifer.
    The Perks of Coaching. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 24, 2003.
    jacobson_perks_coaches_112403.html

  • Jarvie, L. L..
    Eliminating the Commercial Factor in Athletics. Journal of Higher Education, 10 (1939); 37-40.
    Jarvie1939.pdf

  • Kahn, Lawrence M..
    The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, (14:3, 2000).
    jstor_sports_business_2000.pdf

  • Kelley, Douglas Raymond.
    Changes in University General Operating Budgets, Athletic Department Budgets, and Salaries of Academicians, Administrators and Athletic personnel, 1971-81 (microform): A Comparative Study. 1983.

  • Kern, Rex William.
    A Comparative Study of Ten Selected Athletic Fund Raising Programs from Institutions of Higher Education West of the Mississippi River (microform). 1983.

  • Klatell, David A., and Norman Marcus.
    Sports for Sale: Television, Money, and the Fans. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

  • Lederman, Douglas.
    Do WinningTeams Spur Contributions? Scholars and Fund Raisers are Skeptical. The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 13, 1988.

  • Lee, Jennifer.
    College Football Ticket Prices: Schools' Strategies All Over the Field. Street & Smith's SportsBusiness Journal (Sept. 23-29, 2002).
    www.sportsbusinessjournal.com

  • Lee, Jennifer.
    College Football Ticket Prices: Schools' Strategies All over the Field. September 23-29, 2002 Street & Smith's SportsBusiness Journal.
    www.sportsbusinessjournal.com

  • Legal Hoops. The Wall Street Journal, July 21, 2000.
    wsj_sports072100.html

  • Legion Field, Birmingham.
    http://www.al.com/sports/alabama/feed.ssf?/sports/alabama/football/legionfield.html

  • Lombardi, John V..
    Reality Check. The Enemy Is Us: Cost Reduction in College Sports.. Inside HigherEd, January 31, 2005.
    http://jvlone.com/InsideHE_Enemy013105.pdf

  • McAllister,, Matthew P..
    College Bowl Sponsorship and the Increased Commercialization of Amateur Sports. Critical Studies in Mass Communication, 15:4 (1998); 357.

  • Morris, George P..
    The Harvard Stadium. The Overland Monthly, (May 1903), 344-345.
    HarvardStadium.pdf

  • Nader, Samuel Joseph.
    Financing Intercollegiate Athletics in the Southeastern Conference, 1970-1979 (microform). 1982.

  • Nardone, Leonard J..
    The Identification and Comparison of the Fund-raising Practices of Athletic Administrators in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I, II, and III Institutions (microform). 1986.

  • NCAA, Football Television Committee.
    Report of the NCAA Football Television Committee to the Annual Convention of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. 1981-. Mission, KS: The Association, 1982-.

  • NCAA, Report of the NCAA Football Television Committee to the Annual Convention of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. 1981-. Mission, KS: The Association, 1982-.

  • Nike-University of Florida Contract. Gainesville: University of Florida, 1999.
    nikeUF8_27_99.pdf

  • Noll, Roger.
    The Business of College Sports and the High Cost of Winning. Miliken Institute Review (3rd Quarter 1999) 24-37.

  • Padilla, A., and J.L. Boucher.
    On the Economics of Intercollegiate Athletics Programs. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 11:1-2 (1987-1988).

  • Padilla, Arthur and David Baumer.
    Big-Time College Sports: Management and Economic Issues. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 18:2 (1994).

  • Pash, Kaye Ladd.
    An Assessment of "Non-revenue" Sports in Big Ten Universities (microform). 1971.

  • Princeton Stadium (1998).
    http://www.princeton.edu/football/pustad.htm

  • Princeton: Palmer Stadium (1914-1997) History.
    http://www.princeton.edu/football/palmer.htm

  • Raiborn, Mitchell H..
    Revenues and Expenses of Intercollegiate Athletic Programs: Analysis of Financial Trends and Relationships, 1978-1981. Mission, KS: National Collegiate Athletic Association, 1982.

  • Rhoden, William C..
    At Conference Tournaments, the Colleges Major in Money. The New York Times, March 15, 2003.
    rhoden_bbtournaments_nyt_031503.html

  • Roberts, Selena.
    Big Boosters Calling the Shots on Campus. New York Times, January 2, 2005.
    nyt_roberts_boosters_010205.html

  • Ruxin, Robert H..
    An Athlete's Guide to Agents. Rev. ed., Lexington, MA: S. Greene Press, 1989.

  • Sack, Allen L., and Ellen J. Staurowsky.
    College Athletes for Hire: the Evolution and Legacy of the NCAA's Amateur Myth. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.

  • Sandomir, Richard.
    College Bowl Scene Is Flush With Corporate Dollars. New York Times, December 28, 2004.
    122804bowl_dollars_NYT.html

  • Sheehan, Richard G..
    Keeping Score: the Economics of Big Time Sports. South Bend, IN: Diamond Communications, 1996.

  • Shropshire, Kenneth L. and Timothy Davis.
    The Business of Sports Agents. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

  • Shropshire, Kenneth L..
    Agents of Opportunity: Sports Agents and Corruption in Collegiate Sports. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.

  • Sigelman, Lee and Robert Carter.
    Win One for the Giver: Alumni Giving and Big-time College Sports. Social Science Quarterly, 60 (September 1979), 284-294.

  • Smith, Joseph C..
    Athletic Fund-raising: Exploring the Motives behind Private Donations (microform):. 1989.

  • Sokolove, Michael.
    Football Is a Sucker's Game [University of South Florida]. The New York Times, December 22, 2002.
    sokolove_USFfootball_122202.html

  • Sport Business: Operational and Theoretical Aspects. Madison, Wis.: Brown & Benchmark, 1994.

  • Stadium Needs Push Debt in U.S. College Athletics to $1 Billion. Bloomberg, November 19, 2004.
    Stadium_debt_2004.pdf

  • Steinberg, Brian.
    Marketing Madness. As the TV audience shrinks, ad spending for the big game climbs. (The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament). Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaaMarketing_2005.pdf

  • Stotlar, David Kent.
    Litigation Involving the Legal Status of the Athletic Scholarship (microform). 1980.

  • Suggs, Welch.
    A Look at the Future Bottom Line of Big-Time Sports. Budget Reports in Wisconsin Project an Era of Rapidly Rising Costs. The Chronicle of Higher Education, (November 12, 1999) A57.
    suggs_budgets_chron111299.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Abandoning Major Sponsorship Deal, Nike Plays Hardball Over Sweatshops. The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 12, 2000.
    NikeChron2000.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    At Some Colleges, Students Tax Themselves to Pay for Sports. The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 30, 2004.
    suggs_stud_pay_athletics_043004.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Female Athletes Thrive, but Budget Pressures Loom.. The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 18, 2001.
    suggs_femaleathlete_chron051801.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Football's Have-Nots Contemplate Their Place in the NCAA. The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 30, 2000.
    HaveNotChron2000.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    How Gears Turn at a Sports Factory [Ohio State University]. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 25, 2002.
    suggs_ohiostate_chron_112502.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    In Football, the Have-Nots Clash With the Haves.. The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 5, 2003.
    suggs_havenots_090503.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Revenues and Expenses Continue to Rise for Athletics Departments, NCAA Finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 7, 2000.
    RevExpenNCAAChron2001.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Swarthmore Kicks Football out of the College. The Chronicle of Higher Education (December 15, 2000).
    SwarthmoreChron2000.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    The Struggle to Stay Competitive in a Big-Time Conference. The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 22, 2001.
    suggs_struggle_chron062201.html

  • Televised College Football: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, second session, July 31, 1984. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1985.

  • Thelin, John R..
    Fiscal Fitness? The Peculiar Economics of Intercollegiate Athletics (microform). New York, NY: Forum for College Financing ; Washington: U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center, 1990. Also in Capital Ideas (4:4, February 1990).

  • Turner, Sarah E., Lauren A. Meserve, and William G. Bowen.
    Winning and Giving: Football Results and Alumni Giving at Selective Private Colleges and Universities. Social Science Quarterly 82 (2001).

  • UC California (Berkeley) Stadium.
    http://calbears.fansonly.com/trads/cal-m-fb-stad.html

  • Van der Werf, Martin.
    Anti-Sweatshop Groups Find It Difficult to Turn Campus Idealism Into Real Change. The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 5, 2001.
    SweatShopChron2001.html

  • Wilson, Neil.
    The Sports Business. London: Piatkus, 1988.

  • Race, Class, and Gender

  • Acosta, R. Vivian and Linda Jean Carpenter.
    Women in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal, National Study. Twenty Seven Year Update, 1977-2004. National Association for Girls and Women, 2004.
    women_1977-2004.pdf

  • Adelman, Clifford.
    Light and Shadows on College Athletes: College Transcripts and Labor Market History. Washington: US Department of Education, GPO, 1990.
    Adelman1.pdf

  • African Americans in College Sports: Black Teams with White Coaches. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (30, 2000-2001).
    jstor_black_teams_2000.pdf

  • Alexander, Ruth Hammack.
    Lady Gators: Simply the Best. Gainesville: Klane Publications, 1991..

  • Athletes at Risk: Drugs and Sport. Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown, 1990.

  • Audette, Daniel Neil.
    The Effects of Title IX Legislation and Regulations on the Administration of Intercollegiate Athletic Programs for Schools in Divisions I, II, and III of the NCAA (microform /. 1982.

  • Bale, John..
    The Brawn Drain: Foreign Student-Athletes in American Universities. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

  • Birrell, Susan and Cheryl L. Cole, eds..
    Women, Sport, and Culture. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994..

  • Black, David R., ed..
    Eating Disorders among Athletes: Theory, Issues, and Research. Reston, VA: Association for the Advancement of Health Education: National Association for Girls and Women in Sport, c1991.

  • Blais, Madeleine.
    In These Girl's Hope Is A Muscle. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995.

  • Blumenthal, Karen.
    Title IX's Next Hurdle. Three Decades After Its Passage, Rule That Leveled Field for Girls Faces Test From Administration, see also accompanying table. [WSJ_blumenthal_titleix_070705_table.pdf]. The Wall Street Journal, July 6, 2005.
    WSJ_blumenthal_titleix_070705.pdf

  • Bosslett, Lindsay.
    Rejecting Punitive Damages in Title IX Cases, Appeals Court Overturns $2-Million Award to Female Kicker. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 19, 2002.
    bosslett_dukekicker_chron_111902.html

  • Brown, Robert W. and R. Todd Jewell.
    Race, Revenues, and College Basketball. The Review of Black Political Economy, 23 (Winter 1995); 75-90.

  • Brown, Robert W. and R. Todd Jewell.
    Is There Customer Discrimination in College Basketball? The Premium Fans Pay for White Players. Social Science Quarterly, 75 (1994); 401-13.

  • Byers, Walter.
    Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Exploiting College Athletes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

  • Cahn, Susan K..
    Coming on Strong: Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-century Women's Sport. New York: Free Press, 1994.

  • Chalk, Ocania.
    Black College Sport. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1976.

  • Clement, Rufus E..
    Racial Integration in the Field of Sports. Journal of Negro Education, 23 (1954); 222-230.
    Clement1954.pdf

  • CNN/SI -- Women's sports.
    http://www.cnnsi.com/womens/

  • Crowley, Elizabeth.
    Title IX Levels Playing Field. The Wall Street Journal, June 22, 2000.
    TitleIXwsj2000.html

  • Dean, Pamela.
    Dear Sisters' and 'Hated Rivals': Athletics and Gender at Two New South Women's Colleges, 1893-1920. Journal of Sport History, (1997:3) 341-357.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1997/JSH2403/jsh2403e.pdf [12/99]

  • Derouin, Barbara.
    Administrative Structure of Athletic Departments and the Impact of Title IX (microform). 1981.

  • DeVenzio, Dick.
    Rip-Off U.: The Annual Theft and Exploitation of Major College Revenue Producing Student-Athletes. Charlotte, NC: Fool Court Press, 1986.

  • Duncan, Margaret Carlisle, et al..
    Gender Stereotyping in Televised Sports. Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, 1990.
    http://www.aafla.com/Publications/ResearchReports/ResearchReport2.htm [12/99]

  • Duncan, Margaret Carlisle, et al..
    Gender Stereotyping in Televised Sports: A Follow-up to the 1989 Study. Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, 1994.
    http://www.aafla.com/Publications/ResearchReports/ResearchReport3.htm [12/99]

  • Elimination of Sex Discrimination in Athletic Programs: Memorandum to Chief State School Officers, Superintendents of Local Education Agencies, and College and University Presidents. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office for Civil Rights, 1975.

  • English, Jane.
    Sex Equality in Sports. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 7 (1978); 269-277.
    English1978.pdf

  • Equal Opportunity in Intercollegiate Athletics : Requirements under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Microform. Washington: Office for Civil Rights: U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center, 1991..

  • ESPN.com.
    http://espn.go.com/

  • Fallows, James.
    Throwing Like a Girl. The Atlantic Monthly, 78:2 (1996); 84-87.
    Fallows_1996.html

  • Festle, Mary Jo.
    Playing Nice: Politics and Apologies in Women's Sports. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

  • Gaston, John C..
    The Destruction of the Young Black Male: The Impact of Popular Culture and Organized Sports. Journal of Black Studies, 16 (1986); 369-384.
    Gaston1986.pdf

  • Gender-equity data. The Chronicle of Higher Education.
    http://chronicle.com/free/equity/equitysearch.htm

  • George, Nelson.
    Elevating the Game: Black Men and Basketball. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

  • Gerber, Ellen.
    The Controlled Development of Collegiate Sport for Women, 1923-1936. Journal of Sport History, (1975:1)1-28.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1975/JSH0201/jsh0201b.pdf [12/99]

  • Go, girl! [site not active as of 7/2001].
    http://www.gogirlmag.com/

  • Goff, Brian L., and Robert D. Tollison, eds..
    Sportometrics. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1990.

  • Guenin, Louis M..
    The Intromissibility of a Paretian Athletic Director. Brookings Review, Fall 1998.
    http://www.brookings.edu/press/review/fa98/guenin.pdf

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    Women's Sports: A History. New York: Columbia University, 1991.

  • Hall, Margaret Ann.
    Feminism and Sporting Bodies: Essays on Theory and Practice. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1996.

  • Hallmark, James R. and Richard N. Armstrong.
    Gender Equity in Televised Sports: A Comparative Analysis of Men's and Women's NCAA Division I Basketball Championship. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 43 (1999); 222-35.

  • Higgs, Robert J..
    God in the Stadium: Sports and Religion in America. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

  • Hill, Fitzgerald and John W. Murry Jr..
    The Status of Blacks as Major College Football Coaches. Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 18 (1997-1998); 122-123..
    JSTOR

  • Hoose, Phillip M..
    Necessities: Racial Barriers in American Sports. New York: Random House, 1989.

  • Hundley, Joan Clarice.
    Background, Academic Achievements, Career Aspirations, and Attitudes of Black Intercollegiate Athletes from Universities Differing in Racial Composition (microform). 1985.

  • intercollegiate Athletics: Four-Year Colleges? Experiences Adding and Discontinuing Teams. United States General Accounting Office Report to Congressional Requesters, March 2001.
    http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d01297.pdf

  • Intercollegiate Sports microform: hearing before the Subcommittee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Competitiveness of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on Title IX impact on women's participation in intercollegiate athletics and gender equity, February 17, 1993.. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1993..

  • Intercollegiate Sports: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Competitiveness of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, first session, June 19, 1991--overview, July 25, 1991--academics and athletics, September 12, 1991--historically black colleges and universities.. Washington : U.S. G.P.O, 1992-.

  • Jacobson, Jennifer.
    Female Coaches Lag in Pay and Opportunities to Oversee Men's Teams. The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 8, 2001.
    jacobsen_femalecoach_chron060801.html

  • Jacobson, Jennifer.
    How Much Sports Is Too Much?. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 6, 2002.
    jacobson_brownsports_chron_120602.html

  • King, C. Richard and Charles Fruehling.
    Beyond the Cheers: Race As Spectacle in College Sport (S U N Y Series on Sport, Culture, and Social Relations). State University of New York Press , 2001.

  • King, C. Richard.
    Borrowing Power. Racial Metaphors and Pseudo-Indian Mascots. The New Centennial Review 4.1 (2004) 189-209.
    CRKing_Borrowing%20Power_Mascots_2004.pdf

  • Lapchick, Richard E..
    Sport in Society: Equal Opportunity or Business as Usual?. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1996.

  • Lee, Martin James.
    Expressed Values of Varsity Football Players, Intramural Football Players, and Nonfootball players. Eugene: Microform Publications, College of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oregon, 1977.

  • Lewis, Richard, Jr..
    Racial Position Segregation: A Case Study of Southwest Conference Football, 1978 and 1989. Journal of Black Studies, 25 (1995); 431-46.

  • Lomax, Michael E..
    Book Review Essay. The African American Experience in Professional Football. Journal of Social History, 33 (1999); 163-178.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_social_history/v033/33.1lomax.html

  • Louganis, Greg, with Eric Marcus.
    Breaking the Surface. New York: Random House, 1995.

  • MacClancy, Jeremy.
    Sport, Identity and Ethnicity. Oxford: Berg, 1996.

  • Marcello, Ronald E..
    The Integration of Intercollegiate Athletics in Texas: North Texas State College as a Test Case, 1956. Journal of Sport History, (1987:3) 286-316.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1987/JSH1403/jsh1403c.pdf [12/99]

  • Martin, Charles H..
    Integrated New Year's Day: The Racial Politics of College Bowl Games in the American South. Journal of Sport History, (1997:3) 358-377.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1997/JSH2403/jsh2403f.pdf [12/99]

  • Mclendon, John B., Jr., as told to Pamela Grundy.
    Southern Voices: "A Position of Respect." A Basketball Coach Who Resisted Segregation. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/southern_cultures/v007/7.2grundy.html.

  • Merrick, Amy.
    Stepping Stone. Pro basketball isn't necessarily the ultimate goal for most women college players. But it may be a good way to get where they want to go (The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament). The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaaWomen_2005.pdf

  • Messner, Michael A., et al..
    The Gender of Audience Building: Televised Coverage of Women's and Men's NCAA Basketball. Sociological Inquiry, 66 (1996); 422-39.

  • Messner, Michael A..
    Sex, Violence and Power in Sports: Rethinking Masculinity. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1994.

  • Mulhauser, Dana.
    NCAA Cracks Down on Foreign Athletes, While Urging Members to Relax Rules. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 12, 2001.
    ForeignAthletesChron111201.html

  • NCAA, Student-Athletes' Academic Performance, 1985-. Overland Park, KS: NCAA Research Report, 91-07, NCAA, 1994.

  • Nelson, Mariah Burton.
    Embracing Victory: Life Lessons in Competition and Compassion. New York : Morrow, 1998.

  • Nelson, Mariah Burton.
    The Stronger Women Get, the More Men Love Football: Sexism and the American Culture of Sports. New York: Avon Books, 1995 (1993).

  • Ogden, David C..
    The Welcome Theory: An Approach to Studying African American Youth Interest and Involvement in Baseball. Nine, (12:2, 2004).
    ogden_baseball_race_2004.pdf

  • Plymire, Darcy C., and Pamela J. Forman.
    Speaking of Cheryl Miller: Interrogating the Lesbian Taboo on a Women's Basketball Newsgroup. NWSA Journal, 13 (2001); 1-21.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/nwsa_journal/v013/13.1plymire.html

  • Prohibition of Sex Discrimination, 1975: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, first session, on S. 2106 ... September 16 and 18, 1975. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1976..

  • Racism in College Athletics: The African-American Athlete's Experience. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology, 1993.

  • Rapoport, Ron, ed..
    A Kind of Grace: A Treasury of Sportswriting by Women. Berkeley: Zenobia Press, 1994.

  • Report Blasts NCAA Score-Based Sports Eligibilty Rule. Black Issues In Higher Education, 11:23 (1995).

  • Rethinking Services for College Athletes. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1984.

  • Richardson, Leo.
    Media Impact of Sports Coverage on Collegiate Athletic Participation. 1985..

  • Roberts, Selena.
    Two-Way Street When It Comes to Scholarships. The New York Times, December 25, 2002.
    roberts_sportsscholarships_NYT_122502.html

  • Rogers, Susan Fox, ed..
    Sports Dykes: Stories from On and Off the Field. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
    JVL

  • Ruan, Nianyu..
    Sport Achievement Orientation of Male and Female Intercollegiate Athletes, Intramural Athletes, and Nonathletes. Thesis (M.S.)--Springfield College, 1991..

  • Ryan, Joan.
    Little Girls in Pretty Boxes: The Making and Breaking of Elite Gymnasts and Figure Skaters. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

  • Sabo, Don, et al..
    The Portrayal of Race, Ethnicity and Nationality in Televised International Athletic Events. Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, 1995.
    http://www.aafla.com/Publications/ResearchReports/ResearchReport4.htm [12/99]

  • Sailes, Gary A..
    The Myth of Black Sports Supremacy. Journal of Black Studies, 21 (1991); 480-487.
    Sailes1991.pdf

  • Sammons, Jeffrey T..
    Race and Sport: A Critical, Historical Examination. Journal of Sport History, (1994:3) 203-278.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1994/JSH2103/jsh2103b.pdf [12/99]

  • Scout Report.
    http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/

  • Sellers, Robert M., and Gabriel P. Kuperminc.
    Goal Discrepancy in African American Male Student-Athletes' Unrealistic Expectations For Careers In Professional Sports. Journal of Black Psychology, 23 (1997); 6-23.

  • Shattuck, Debra A..
    Bats, Balls and Books: Baseball and Higher Education for Women at Three Eastern Women's Colleges, 1866-1891. Journal of Sport History, (1992:2) 91-109.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1992/JSH1902/jsh1902b.pdf [12/99]

  • Shropshire, Kenneth L..
    In Black and White: Race and Sports in America. New York: New York University, 1996.

  • Sigelman, Lee and Paul J. Wahlbeck.
    Gender Proportionality in Intercollegiate Athletics: The Mathematics of Title IX Compliance. Social Science Quarterly, 80 (1999); 518-38.

  • Snyder, Peter L..
    Comparative Levels of Expressed Academic Motivation Among Anglo and African American University Student-Athletes. Journal of Black Studies, 26 (1996); 651-667.
    JSTOR

  • Sociology of Sport Online.
    http://www.brunel.ac.uk/depts/sps/sosol/index.htm

  • Spindel, Carol.
    Dancing at Halftime: Sports and the Controversy over American Indian Mascots. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

  • Spivey, Donald.
    End Jim Crow in Sports': The Protest at New York University, 1940-1941. Journal of Sport History, (1988:3) 282-303.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1988/JSH1503/jsh1503e.pdf

  • Sports for Women.
    http://www.sportsforwomen.com/

  • Springwood, Charles Fruehling and C. Richard King.
    'Playing Indian': Why Native American Mascots Must End. The Chronicle of Higher Education, Opinion November 9, 2001.
    PlayIndianChron11082001.html

  • Straubel, Michael.
    Gender Equity, College Sports, Title IX and Group Rights: A Coach's View. Brooklyn Law Review, 62 (1996); 1039.

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Duke U. Discriminated Against Female Football Player, Jury Finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 13, 2000.
    Duke_Kick_Chron.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Female Athletes Thrive, but Budget Pressures Loom. The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 18, 2001.
    suggs_femaleathlete_chron051801.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    For Black Americans, Better Than a Bowl Game. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 20, 2000.
    suggs_Black_bowl_102000.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    For Top Women's Basketball Players, the Ideal Practice Includes Men. The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 23, 2001.
    suggs_women_bb_chron032301.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Left Behind. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 26, 2001.
    LeftBehindChron112601.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Uneven Progress for Women's Sports. The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 7, 2000.
    womenSportChron0400.html

  • Sullivan, Neil J..
    Baseball and Race: The Limits of Competition. Journal of Negro History, (83:3, 1998).
    jstor_baseball_race_1998.pdf

  • The Experiences of Black Intercollegiate Athletes at NCAA, Division I Institutions.. Palo Alto, Calif.: Center for the Study of Athletics, American Institutes for Research, 1989.

  • Title IX and Intercollegiate Athletics. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 2, 2000.
    titleix_chron1000.html

  • Title IX and Women's Sports, Gender Equity in Sports.
    http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/

  • Title IX: 25 Years of Progress. Washington: US Department of Education, June 1997..
    http://www.ed.gov/pubs/TitleIX/index.html

  • Uhlir, G.A..
    Athletics and the University: The Post-Woman's Era. Academe, (July-August 1987).

  • Underwood, Clarence.
    The Student Athlete: Eligibility and Academic Integrity. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1984.

  • Watterson, John Sayle.
    College Football: History, Spectacle, Controversy.

  • Wiggins, David K..
    Great Speed but Little Stamina: The Historical Debate Over Black Athletic Superiority. Journal of Sport History, (1989:2) 158-185.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1989/JSH1602/jsh1602d.pdf [12/99]

  • Wiggins, David K..
    The Future of College Athletics is at Stake:' Black Athletes and Racial Turmoil on Three Predominantly White University Campuses, 1968-1972. Journal of Sports History, (1988:3) 304-333.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1988/JSH1503/jsh1503f.pdf [12/99]

  • Wills, Eric.
    Pride or Prejudice? Some colleges back away from using American Indian names and mascots for athletics teams, while others defend them. Chronicle of Higher Education, June 3, 2005.
    Print_%20The%20Chronicle_%206_3_2005_%20Pride%20or%20Prejudice_.pdf

  • Wolff, Alexander and Armen Keteyian.
    Raw Recruits: The High Stakes Game Colleges Play to Get Their Basketball Stars--and What It Costs to Win. New York: Pocket Books, 1990.

  • Women and Sport: A National Research Conference. University Park: Pennsylvania State University, 1972?.

  • Women in Intercollegiate Athletics at NCAA Division I Institutions.. Palo Alto, Calif.: Center for the Study of Athletics, American Institutes for Research, 1989..

  • Women in Intercollegiate Athletics at NCAA Division I Institutions. Palo Alto, Calif. : Center for the Study of Athletics, American Institutes for Research, 1989.

  • Women in Sport: Sociological and Historical Perspectives. Carrollton, GA: Studies in the Social Sciences, West Georgia College, 1985.

  • Women's Sports Foundation.
    http://www.lifetimetv.com/WoSport/

  • Wonsek, Pamela L..
    College Basketball on Television: A Study of Racism in the Media. Media, Culture & Society, 14 (1992); 449-61.

  • Sports and Society

  • Armstrong, David.
    Winning by Losing. Small universities have found a way to raise their profiles: become Division I independents, The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament. The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaaSmallSchools_2005.pdf

  • At Issue: Is Education the Big Loser in College Sports?. Scholastic Update, 128:13 (April 12, 1996).

  • Ball, Donald W..
    Failure in Sport. American Sociological Review, 41 (1976); 726-739.
    JSTOR

  • Banks, Robert, Jr., ed..
    Substance Abuse in Sport: The Realities. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., United States Sports Academy, 1990.

  • Barry, John M.
    Power Plays: Politics, Football & Other Blood Sports. University Press of Mississippi, 2001.

  • Bernstein, Mark F..
    Football: The Ivy League Origins of an American Obsession. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 2001.

  • Beuerlein, Karin.
    The Politics of the Pigskin. The Southerner, (1999:4).
    http://www.southerner.net/v1n4_99/rr4c.html [12/99]

  • Blanchard, Kendall.
    The Anthropology of Sport: An Introduction. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 1995.

  • Bosslett, Lindsay.
    NCAA Treads Warily in North Dakota [Mascots]. The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 21, 2002.
    bosslett_mascots_chron_112102.html

  • Boys to Men: Messages about Masculinity. A National Poll of Children, Focus Groups, and Content Analysis of Sports Programs and Commercials (1999); Boys to Men: Messages about Masculinity. A National Poll of Children, focus groups, and content analysis of sports programs and commercials. Children Now, Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles and Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 1999.
    http://www.aafla.com/Publications/ResearchReports/boystomen.pdf

  • Brawn, Not Brains in College Sports. The Economist, 338 (1996);. 22.

  • British Society of Sports History, Conference (3rd: 1985:Jordanhill College of Education, Glasgow).
    Sport and National Identity: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the British Society of Sports History, June-July, 1985, Jordanhill College of Education, Glasgow.. S.l.: s.n., 1985?.

  • Britz, Kevin.
    Of Football and Frontiers: The Meaning of Bronko Nagurski. Journal of Sport History, (1993:2) 101-126.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1993/JSH2002/jsh2002b.pdf [12/99]

  • Cady, Edwin Harrison.
    The Big Game: College Sports and American Life. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1978.

  • Carter, John Marshall.
    Sport, War, and the Three Orders of Feudal Society: 700-1300. Military Affairs, 49 (1985); 132-139.
    JSTOR

  • Children and Sports Media (1999). Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles [12/99].
    http://www.aafla.com/Publications/ResearchReports/kidstv2.pdf

  • Collison, Michele N.-K..
    An Open Season for College Sports?. Black Issues in Higher Education, 16:3 (1999); 18.

  • Coons, C. J., M. Howard-Hamilton, D. Waryold.
    College Sports and Fan Aggression: Implications for Residence Hall Discipline. Journal of College Student Personnel, 36:6 (1995).

  • Corbin, Charles B..
    The Athletic Snowball. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1977.

  • Cosell, Howard with Shelby Whitfield.
    What's Wrong with Sports. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.

  • Curry, Lewis A., et al..
    Role of Hope in Academic and Sport Achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73 (1997); 1257-67.

  • Daniels, Dayna B..
    You Throw Like a Girl: Sport and Misogyny on the Silver Screen. Film & History, 35:1, 2005.
    Dayna B. Daniels. "You Throw Like a Girl: Sport and Misogyny on the Silver Screen." Film & History, 35:1, 2005). Daniels_film_women_2005.pdf

  • Dealy, Francis X..
    Win at Any Cost: The Sell Out of College Athletics. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Pub. Group, 1990.

  • Denlinger, Ken.
    Athletes for Sale. New York: Crowell, 1975.

  • Development of Human Values through Sports: Proceedings of National Conference held at Springfield College, Springfield, Massachusetts, October 12-14, 1973. Washington, DC: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 1974.

  • Dixit, Avinash.
    Strategic Behavior in Contests. The American Economic Review, 77 (1987); 891-898.
    JSTOR

  • Doyle, Andrew.
    Foolish and Useless Sport: The Southern Evangelical Crusade Against Intercollegiate Football. Journal of Sport History, (1997:3) 317-340.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1997/JSH2403/jsh2403d.pdf [12/99]

  • Drake, George A..
    Small-College Sports, Big-Time Athletics, and the Yawning Chasm Between the Two. The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 18, 1987.
    SmallTime1.pdf

  • Durso, Joseph.
    The Sports Factory: An Investigation into College Sports. New York: Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co., 1975.

  • Dyreson, Mark.
    Making the American Team: Sport, Culture, and the Olympic Experience. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998..

  • Dyreson, Mark.
    The Emergence of Consumer Culture and the Transformation of Physical Culture: American Sport in the 1920s. Journal of Sport History, (1989:3) 261-281.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1989/JSH1603/jsh1603d.pdf [12/99]

  • Edwards, Harry.
    Sociology of Sport. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press, 1973.

  • Eliot, C.W..
    The Evils of Football. Women's Home Companion, (November 1905).

  • Fatsis, Stefan.
    Way Station: Prep schools increasingly prepare players for Division I competition. But do they prepare them for life beyond the game? The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament. The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaaPrepPrograms_2005.pdf

  • Fatsis, Stefan.
    Where Are They Now? Their tournament is over. Here's how one Final Four team was built--and what happened to it in the years after the final buzzer. The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament. The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaa_2005.pdf

  • Figler, Stephen K..
    Sport and Play in American Life: A Textbook in the Sociology of Sport. 2nd ed., Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown Publishers, 1991.

  • Finley, Bill.
    College Basketball Preview: Coaches Aim to Recruit for Today; Players Have Eyes on Tomorrow. New York Times, November 30, 2003.
    finley_nyt_collegeBB_113003.html

  • Fractured Focus: Sport as It Reflects Society. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1986.

  • Frank, Robert H..
    Challenging the Myth: A Review of the Links Among College Athletic Success, Student Quality, and Donations. Prepared for the Knight Foundation Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics May, 2004.
    KCIA_Frank_report_2004.pdf

  • Freeman, William Hardin.
    Physical Education and Sport in a Changing Society. 3rd ed., New York: Macmillan, 1987.

  • French, Peter A..
    Ethics and College Sports: Ethics, Sports, and the University. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.

  • Frey, Darcy.
    The Last Shot: City Streets, Basketball Dreams. Boston: Houthton Mifflin, 1994.

  • Frey, James H., and D. Stanley Eitzen.
    Sport and Society. Annual Review of Sociology, 17 (1991); 503-522.
    JSTOR

  • Gaston-Gayles, Joy L..
    Examining Academic and Athletic Motivation Among Student Athletes at a Division I University. Journal of College Student Development (45:1, 2004).
    gaston-gayles_athletemotivate_D1_2004.pdf

  • Gems, Gerald R..
    For Pride, Profit, and Patriarchy: Football and the Incorporation of American Cultural Values. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 2000.

  • Giamatti, A. Bartlett.
    Take Time for Paradise: Americans and Their Games. New York: Summit Books, 1989.

  • Gibson, John H..
    Performance Versus Results: A Critique of Values in Contemporary Sport. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

  • Goodhart, Philip and Christopher Chataway.
    War Without Weapons. London: W. H. Allen, 1968.

  • Gough, Russell Wayne.
    Character Is Everything: Promoting Ethical Excellence in Sports. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1997.

  • Greer, Donald L..
    Spectator Booing and the Home Advantage: A Study of Social Influence in the Basketball Arena. Social Psychology Quarterly, 46 (1983); 252-261..
    JSTOR

  • Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich.
    Epiphany of Form: On the Beauty of Team Sports. New Literary History, 30 (1999); 351-372.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/new_literary_history/v030/30.2gumbrecht.html

  • Gusfield, Joseph R., and Jerzy Michalowicz.
    Secular Symbolism: Studies of Ritual, Ceremony, and the Symbolic Order in Modern Life. Annual Review of Sociology, 10 (1984); 417-435.
    JSTOR

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    A Whole New Ball Game: An Interpretation of American Sports. Chapel HIL: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    Games and Empires: Modern Sports and Cultural Imperialism. 1994.

  • Guttmann, Allen.
    Sports Spectators. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

  • Hanford, George H..
    We Should Speak the 'Awful Truth' About College Sports. Chronicle of Higher Education, 05/30/03.
    hanford_greenberg_sportscritique_chron_053003.html

  • Hanks, Michael P., and Bruce K. Eckland.
    Athletics and Social Participation in the Educational Attainment Process. Sociology of Education, 49 (1976); 271-294.
    JSTOR

  • Harris, Janet C..
    Athletes and the American Hero Dilemma. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994.

  • Hauser, Leslie Ann..
    A Sports Complex: Investigating the Spatial Seam between Intercollegiate Athletes and Recreational Enthusiasts. Master's Research Project (M. Arch.), University of Florida, 1994.

  • Hoover, Eric.
    Reading and Rioting. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 13, 2002.
    hoover_sportsriots_chron_121302.html

  • Isaacs, Neil David.
    Jock Culture U.S.A.. New York: Norton, 1978.

  • Jacobson, Jennifer.
    Sports Gambling by Athletes Is a Widespread Problem, NCAA Study Finds. The Chronicle of Higher Education, Thursday, May 13, 2004.
    jacobson_GambleChron_051304.html

  • Jones, Donald G..
    Sports Ethics in America: A Bibliography, 1970-1990. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.

  • Jordan, D.S..
    Football: Battle or Sport?. The Pacific Monthly, (May 1903), 344-345.
    Jordan_1908.pdf

  • Jordan, Edward S..
    Buying Football Victories. Colliers, (Nov.-Dec. 1905).

  • Journal of Sport and Social Issues. v. 1- 1976-, Boston, MA: ARENA Center for the Study of Sport in Society, Northeastern University, 1976-.

  • Kirk, Wayatt D., and Sarah V. Kirk, eds..
    Student Athletes: Shattering the Myths and Sharing the Realities. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association, 1993.

  • Lapchick, Richard E., and John B. Slaughter, eds..
    The Rules of the Game: Ethics in College Sports. New York: Macmillan, 1989.

  • Layden, Tim.
    Bettor Education. Sports Illustrated, 82 (1995); 68-74.
    Layden_SI_1995.html

  • Layden, Tim.
    Book Smart. Sports Illustrated, 82 (1995);68-70.
    Layden_SI_1995a.html

  • Layden, Tim.
    You Bet Your Life. Sports Illustrated, 82 (1995); 46-8.
    Layden_SI_1995b.html

  • Lewis, Guy.
    Sport, Youth Culture and Conventionality, 1920-1970. Journal of Sports History, (1977:2) 129-150.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1977/JSH0402/jsh0402b.pdf [12/99]

  • Lipsky, Richard.
    How we Play the Game: Why Sports Dominate American Life. Boston: Beacon Press, 1981.

  • Lombardi, John V..
    Reality Check. Preserving the Audience: The NCAA and the APR. Inside HigherEd, March 14, 2005.
    http://jvlone.com/InsideHE_NcaaAPR031405.pdf

  • Long, James E., and Steven B. Caudill.
    The Impact of Participation in Intercollegiate Athletics on Income and Graduation. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 73 (1991); 525-531.
    Long1991.pdf

  • Longman, Jere.
    A Town Where Football Is the Glue and the Hope. New York Times, November 23, 2001.
    FootballTownNYT112301.html

  • Luschen, Gunther.
    Sociology of Sport: Development, Present State, and Prospects. Annual Review of Sociology, 6 (1980); 315-347.
    JSTOR

  • Martinez, J. Michael , William D. Richardson, and Ron McNinch-Su, eds..
    Confederate Symbols in the Contemporary South. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.

  • McCormick, Robert E., and Maurice Tinsley.
    Athletics versus Academics? Evidence from SAT Scores. The Journal of Political Economy, 95 (1987); 1103-1116.
    McCormick1987.pdf

  • McLaughlin, Thomas.
    'Man to Man': Basketball, Movement, and the Practice of Masculinity. The South Atlantic Quarterly, (103:1, 2004).
    mclaughlin_basketball_2004.pdf

  • Miller, Patrick B..
    The Manly, the Moral, and the Proficient: College Sport in the New South. Journal of Sport History, (1997:3) 285-316.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1997/JSH2403/jsh2403c.pdf [12/99]

  • Milton, Brian Gerard.
    Sport as a Functional equivalent of Religion (microform). 1972.

  • Mixon, Franklin.
    Athletics versus Academics? Rejoining the Evidence from SAT Scores. Education Economics 3(3)1995: 11-3-9.

  • Monaghan, Peter.
    Sociologists' Look at Big-Time Basketball Depicts a World in Which Players' Academic Goals Are Subverted. The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 6, 1991.
    sociologyChron020600.html

  • NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of College Student Athletes. Indianapolis: NCAA, , 2001.
    substance_use_habits.pdf

  • Neal-Lunsford, Jeff.
    Sport in the Land of Television: The Use of Sport in Network Prime-Time Schedules, 1946-50. Journal of Sport History, (1992:1) 56-76.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1992/JSH1901/jsh1901d.pdf [12/99]

  • Oriard, Michael.
    King Football: Sport and Spectacle in the Golden Age of Radio and Newsreels, Movies & Magazines, the Weekly and the Daily Press. Chapel HIL: University of North Carolina, 2001.

  • Oriard, Michael.
    Reading Football: How the Popular Press Created an American Spectacle. Chapel HIL: University of North Carolina, 1993.

  • Osei-Kofi, Nana.
    Whose "I/Eye" Counts?: The Reproduction of Mythical Master Narratives (comment on There is no I in Team Sports). The Review of Higher Education 26.4 (2003) 487-496.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/review_of_higher_education/v026/26.4kofi.html

  • Oster, Steven L. and Terry J. Knapp.
    Sports Betting by College Students: Who Bets and How Often?. College Student Journal, 32(1998); 289-92.
    Oster_SI_1998.html

  • Otto, Luther B., and Duane F. Alwin.
    Athletics, Aspirations, and Attainments. Sociology of Education, 50 (1977); 102-113..
    Otto1977.pdf

  • Packer, Billy.
    Hoops! Confessions of a College Basketball Analyst. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1985.

  • Page, David P..
    Measurement and Prediction of Leadership. American Journal of Sociology, 41 (1935); 31-43..
    JSTOR

  • Park, Roberta J..
    Muscle, Mind and 'Agon:' Intercollegiate Debating and Athletics at Harvard and Yale, 1892-1909. Journal of Sport History, (1987:3) 263-285.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1987/JSH1403/jsh1403b.pdf [12/99]

  • Pascarella, Ernest T., et al..
    Cognitive Impacts of Intercollegiate Athletic Participation: Some Further Evidence. The Journal of Higher Education. 70:1 (1999).

  • Poor Relations. The Economist, 338 (1996); 83-4.

  • Pope, Steven W..
    An Army of Athletes: Playing Fields, Battlefields, and the American Military Sporting Experience, 1890-1920. The Journal of Military History, 59 (1995); 435-456.
    JSTOR

  • Prebish, Charles S..
    Religion and Sport: The Meeting of Sacred and Profane. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

  • Putney, Clifford.
    Muscular Christianity: Manhood & Sports in Protestant America, 1880-1920. Cambridge: Harvard University, 2001.

  • Raitz, Karl B., ed..
    The Theater of Sport. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University, 1995.

  • Rehberg, Richard A., and Walter E. Schafer.
    Participation in Interscholastic Athletics and College Expectations. American Journal of Sociology, 73 (1968); 732-740..
    JSTOR

  • Riesman, David and Reuel Denney.
    Football in America: A Study in Culture Diffusion. American Quarterly, 3 (1951); 309-325.
    reisman1951.pdf

  • Riess, Steven A., ed..
    Sports and the American Jew. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1998.

  • Roberts, Selena.
    Auburn Trustee Boosts Everyone, Including the Chaplain. New York Times, January 3, 2005.
    nyt_roberts_boosters2_010305.html

  • Rominger, Donald W., Jr..
    From Playing Field to Battleground: The United States Navy V-5 preflight Program in World War II. Journal of Sport History, (1985:3) 252-264.
    http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1985/JSH1203/jsh1203d.pdf [12/99]

  • Sage, George Harvey.
    Power and Ideology in American Sport: A Critical Perspective. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books, 1990.

  • Sanoff, A.P., and J.M. Schrof.
    The Price of Victory: College Sports vs. Education. U.S. News and World Report, (January 8, 1990), 52.

  • Seabrook, John.
    Tackling the Competition. The New Yorker, August 18, 1997, 42-51..

  • Shea, Edward J..
    Ethical Decisions in Sport: Interscholastic, Intercollegiate, Olympic, and Professional. Springfield, IL: C.C. Thomas, 1996..

  • Sheed, Wilfrid, et al..
    The Future of Sports. The Wilson Quarterly, Winter 1995, 10-48.

  • Shulman, James and William Bowen.
    The Game of Life, College Sports and Educational Values. Princeton: Princeton University, 2001.

  • Simon, Robert L..
    Fair Play: Sports, Values, and Society. Boulder: Westview Press, 1991.

  • Smith, Ronald A.
    Play-by-Play: Radio, Television and Big-Time College Sports. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 2001.

  • Sperber, Murray.
    Beer and Circus: How Big-time College Sports is Crippling Undergraduate Education. New York: Henry Holt, 2000.

  • Sport and Religion. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books, 1992.

  • Sports Illustrated. v. 1- Aug. 16, 1954- (Chicago, Time, inc..

  • St. John, Allen.
    The BMOC Strategy. The secret to winning the NCAA championship: pin your hopes on the star, The Journal Report: NCAA Basketball Tournament. The Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2005.
    WSJ_ncaaBMOC_2005.pdf

  • Stevenson, Christopher Leonard.
    Sport, Socialization, and the Professions: A Paradigm of Institutional Socialization. Stanford: Stevenson, 1974.

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Cutting the Field. The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 6, 2003.
    suggs_titlix_cuts_060603.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    In Memphis, Top Athletes Leave Town Fast. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 31, 2001.
    MemphisChron103101.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    Report Documents Poor Academic Performance of Athletes at New England Liberal-Arts Colleges. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 17, 2001.
    NewEngAthleChron101701.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    The NCAA Debates the Meaning of Amateurism. The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 11, 2000.
    AmateurChron2000.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    The Recruits. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 3, 2003.
    suggs_recruits_women_100303.html

  • Suggs, Welch.
    The Role of Sports in Small-College Life. Mellon Foundation project encourages colleges to 'integrate' athletes with other students. The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 8, 2005.
    The%20Role%20of%20Sports%20in%20Small-C_060805.pdf

  • Suggs, Welch.
    U. of Michigan Study Documents Gambling Among College Referees. The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 28, 2000.
    GambleChron2000.html

  • The College Trap. Time, (April 3, 1989), 54-60.

  • Journal of Higher Education, 34 (1963); 487-490.
    Nonsense1963.pdf

  • The Rules of the Game: Ethics in College Sport. New York: American Council on Education: Macmillan, 1989.

  • Tunis, John R..
    Education and Ethics: The Effect of Organized Sports on the Moral Tone of the Nation. Journal of Higher Education, 32 (1961); 247-251.
    tunis_1961.pdf

  • Underwood, John.
    Spoiled Sport: A Fan's Notes on the Troubles of Spectator Sports. Boston: Little, Brown, 1984.

  • Wakefield, Wanda Ellen.
    Playing to Win: Sports and the American Military, 1898-1945. Albany: State University of New York, 1997.

  • Wann, Daniel L..
    Seasonal Changes In Spectators' Identification and Involvement with and Evaluations of College Basketball and Football Teams. The Psychological Record, 46 (Winter 1996); 201-15.

  • Weistart, John.
    Equal Opportunity? Title IX and Intercollegiate Sports. Brookings Review, Fall 1998.
    weistart.pdf

  • Wenner, Lawrence A., Ed..
    Media, Sports, and Society. Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 1989..

  • Wertz, Spencer K..
    Talking a Good Game: Inquiries into the Principles of Sport. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1991.

  • Wetzel, Dan and Don Yaeger.
    Sole Influence: Basketball, Corporate Greed, and the Corruption of America's Youth. New York: Warner Books, 2000.

  • Whitney, Stu.
    Behind the Green Curtain: The Sacrifice of Ethics and Academics in Michigan State Football's Rise to National Prominence. Grand Rapids, MI: Masters Press, 1990.

  • Who Owns Baseball. Talk of the Town, The New Yorker, April 16, 2001.

  • Wilcox, Ralph Cyril.
    The Expressed Values of College Varsity Athletes in England and the United States of America: A Cross-National Analysis. ugene : Microform University of Oregon, 1980.

  • Wilson, John.
    Playing by the Rules: Sport, Society, and the State. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1994.

  • Winning Athletic Scholarships: Guaranteeing Your Academic Eligibility for College Sports Scholarships. New York: Princeton Review, Random House, Inc., 1997-.

  • Wolf-Wendel, Lisa E. , J. Douglas Toma, and Christopher C. Morphew.
    There's No 'I' in 'Team': Lessons from Athletics on Community Building. The Review of Higher Education, 24 (2001); 369-396.
    wolf-wendel.html

  • Wolf-Wendel, Lisa E.,.
    There's No "I" in "Team": Lessons from Athletics on Community Building. The Review of Higher Education, 24 (2001); 369-396.
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/review_of_higher_education/v024/24.4wolf-wendel.html

  • Yeager, Robert C..
    Seasons of Shame: The New Violence in Sports. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979.

  • Movies

  • A LEAGUE OF THEIR OWN 1992 R, Movie.

  • A MATTER OF HONOR 1995 PG, Movie.

  • ABOVE THE RIM 1994 R, Movie.

  • ARLI$$ 1996, Movie.

  • BEND IT LIKE BECKHAM 2002, Movie.

  • BLUE CHIPS 1994, Movie.

  • BOYZ N THE HOOD 1991, Movie.

  • BREAKING AWAY 1994 PG, Movie.

  • CHARIOTS OF FIRE 1981, Movie.

  • COLLEGE 1927, Movie.

  • COLLEGE 1927, Movie.

  • COLLEGE 1927, Movie.

  • D3: THE MIGHTY DUCKS 1996 PG, Movie.

  • DECATHLON CHAMPION 1937, Movie.

  • FAST BREAK 1979 PG, Movie.

  • FATHER WAS A FULLBACK 1949, Movie.

  • FINAL SHOT - THE HANK GATHERS STORY 199, Movie.

  • FINDING FORRESTER 2000, Movie.

  • FULL RIDE 2002, Movie.

  • GAME DAY 1999, Movie.

  • GLORY ROAD 2005, Movie.

  • GO TIGERS! 2001, Movie.

  • GRAMBLING'S WHITE TIGER 1981, Movie.

  • HARMON OF MICHIGAN 1941, Movie.

  • HARVARD MAN 2001, Movie.

  • HE GOT GAME 1998 R, Movie.

  • HOOP DREAMS PG-13 1994, Movie.

  • HOOSIERS 1987, Movie.

  • HOOSIERS 1987, Movie.

  • JERRY MAGUIRE 1996, Movie.

  • KNUTE ROCKNE - ALL AMERICAN 1940, Movie.

  • LAST TIME OUT 1992 PG-13, Movie.

  • LET'S GO COLLEGIATE 1941, Movie.

  • LOVE AND BASKETBALL 2000, Movie.

  • MILLION DOLLAR LEGS 1939, Movie.

  • NAVY BLUE AND GOLD 1937, Movie.

  • NECESSARY ROUGHNESS 1991 R, Movie.

  • ONE ON ONE 1977, Movie.

  • PIGSKIN PARADE 1936, Movie.

  • QUARTERBACK PRINCESS 1983, Movie.

  • REMEMBER THE TITANS 2000, Movie.

  • RKO SPORTSCOPE: FOOTBALL'S MIGHTY MUSTANG 1950, Movie.

  • RKO SPORTSCOPE: WINNING BASKETBALL 1946, Movie.

  • RUDY 1993 PG, Movie.

  • SATURDAY'S HERO 1951, Movie.

  • SCHOOL TIES 1992 PG-13, Movie.

  • ST. TAMMANY MIRACLE, THE 1994, Movie.

  • SUMMER CATCH 2001, Movie.

  • THE AIR UP THERE 1993 PG, Movie.

  • THE BASKETBALL FIX 1951, Movie.

  • THE GALLOPING GHOST 1931, Movie.

  • THE HALFBACK OF NOTRE DAME 1995, Movie.

  • THE IRON MAJOR 1943, Movie.

  • THE LONGEST YARD 1974 R, Movie.

  • THE MONKEY'S UNCLE 1965, Movie.

  • THE PROGRAM 1993, Movie.

  • THE SIXTH MAN 1997 PG-13, Movie.

  • THE STORY OF KNUTE ROCKNE 1991, Movie.

  • VARSITY BLUES 1999, Movie.

  • WITHOUT LIMITS 1998 PG-13, Movie.